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Impala教程

Impala 分组

Impala GROUP BY 子句与 SELECT 语句配合使用,将相同的数据分组。

语法

以下是 GROUP BY 子句的语法。
select data from table_name Group BY col_name;

示例

假设我们在数据库 my_db中有一个名为 customers的表,其内容如下-
[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > select * from customers; 
Query: select * from customers 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| id | name     | age | address   | salary | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| 1  | Ramesh   | 32  | Ahmedabad | 20000  | 
| 2  | Khilan   | 25 | Delhi     | 15000  | 
| 3  | kaushik  | 23  | Kota      | 30000  | 
| 4  | Chaitali | 25  | Mumbai    | 35000  | 
| 5  | Hardik   | 27  | Bhopal    | 40000  | 
| 6  | Komal    | 22  | MP        | 32000  | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
Fetched 6 row(s) in 0.51s
您可以使用 GROUP BY 查询获取每个客户的工资总额,如下所示。
[quickstart.cloudera:21000] > Select name, sum(salary) from customers Group BY name;
执行时,上述查询给出以下输出。
Query: select name, sum(salary) from customers Group BY name 
+----------+-------------+ 
| name     | sum(salary) | 
+----------+-------------+ 
| Ramesh   | 20000       | 
| Komal    | 32000       | 
| Hardik   | 40000       | 
| Khilan   | 15000       | 
| Chaitali | 35000       | 
| kaushik  | 30000       |
+----------+-------------+ 
Fetched 6 row(s) in 1.75s
假设这个表有多个记录,如下所示。
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| id | name     | age | address   | salary | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+ 
| 1  | Ramesh   | 32 | Ahmedabad | 20000  |
| 2  | Ramesh   | 32  | Ahmedabad | 1000|  | 
| 3  | Khilan   | 25 | Delhi     | 15000  | 
| 4  | kaushik  | 23  | Kota      | 30000  | 
| 5  | Chaitali | 25  | Mumbai    | 35000  |
| 6  | Chaitali | 25  | Mumbai    | 2000   |
| 7  | Hardik   | 27  | Bhopal    | 40000  | 
| 8  | Komal    | 22  | MP        | 32000  | 
+----+----------+-----+-----------+--------+
现在,您可以再次获得员工的工资总额,考虑到记录的重复条目,使用 Group By 子句,如下所示。
Select name, sum(salary) from customers Group BY name;
执行时,上述查询给出以下输出。
Query: select name, sum(salary) from customers Group BY name 
+----------+-------------+ 
| name     | sum(salary) | 
+----------+-------------+ 
| Ramesh   | 21000       | 
| Komal    | 32000       | 
| Hardik   | 40000       | 
| Khilan   | 15000       | 
| Chaitali | 37000       | 
| kaushik  | 30000       | 
+----------+-------------+
Fetched 6 row(s) in 1.75s
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